practical on production of clothing and household articles and crafts
- Construction of simple relevant articles e.g. apron, cap, needlework bag, head rest, table mat, puffs, purse, curtain holder, bibs, arm rest, shopping bag, head-tie, napkin and handkerchief.
Making of Scarves
Materials Required to Make Scarves
(i) 70cm × 70cm plain or patterned cotton fabric.
(ii) Matching thread
(v) Dressmaker’s pin
How to Cut and Sew
(i) Fold the fabric into two equal halves on bias
(ii) Cut along the folding line to obtain two pieces of fabric for two scarves
(iii) Neaten the edges except the selvedge.
Making of Apron
Materials Required to Make an Apron
(i) Brown paper (1meter × 90cm)
(ii) 1 metre of plain or patterned cotton fabric.
(iii) Matching thread
How to Make the Pattern and Cut Out
- Make a paper pattern of apron, belts, neck, and band pocket
- Straighten the fabric
- Fold the fabric into two with the right side together
- Place pattern pieces on the fabric
- Pin the pattern pieces and cut out
- Transfer all pattern marking to the fabric
(i) Take the required measurements of the person.
- Length: from shoulder to knee.
- Front width: from armhole to armhole 8cm below front neckline to waist.
(ii) Measure out the materials accordingly.
(iii) Neaten edges of armholes by hemming.
(iv) Hem sides of apron and bib.
(v) Cut out a strip of 90cm in length × 5 cm wide. Hem edges in position.
(vi) Stitch each end of the strip to each end of the bib. The strip should go over the head with ease.
(vii) Cut two long strips of 60 cm in length × 6 cm wide, neaten the edges.
(viii) Attach one end of each strip to each side of the apron (waist line).
(ix) Cut out the pocket, 20 cm × 20 cm. Fold in edges and stitch on to the centre of the apron.
(x) Decorative stitches could be used on the side and bib hems of the apron.
(xi) Press, air and store the apron.
Making a Needle Work Bag
Tools and Materials for Making a Needle Work Bag
(i) 80cm * 30cm plain or pattern cotton fabric.
(ii) Matching thread
(iii) Scissors and needle.
Procedure for Making a Needle Work Bag
(i) Cut out 75cm * 30 fabric for the long.
(ii) Tape the tubes together, making sure that the bases are level. Place the tubes on a piece of thin card and draw around the bases.
(iii) Mark out the fabric on the wrong side.
(iv) Fold the fabric at the folding line AB
(v) Match the points D1 & D2, C1 & C2
(vi) Pin the sides and baste
(vii) Join the sides using French seam.
(viii) Finish the edge of the flap using decorative stitches.
(ix) Work decorative stitches e.g blanket stitch around the edges of bag.
(x) Prepare the handle by folding lengthwise with right sides facing and sew. Turn and press.
(xi) Pin on the handle to the right position of the bag. Tack and then stitch firmly using over sewing stitch.
Making Gloves or Mitten
Materials Needed for Making a Glove or Mitten
(i) Brown paper
(ii) 45cm plain or floral cotton fabric
(iii) ½ cm thick foam
(iv) Lining material
(v) Matching thread
(i) Prepare the pattern to the shape of the hand and wrist. Make size of glove larger than the hand.
(ii) For one glove cut out-two pattern pieces of the cotton fabric, two pattern pieces of the lining materials and two pattern pieces of the foam.
(iii) Mark the stitching lines.
(iv) Place one piece of foam on the wrong side of the glove piece; place the lining material on the foam with right side up. Tack the three pieces together firmly.
(v) Repeat step 4 for the next side of the glove.
(vi) Place the right sides of the two halves of the glove together.
(vii) Tack through all layers and sew securely with backstitch.
(viii) Trim seams and snip comers.
(ix) Turn the work to the right side and press.
(x) Neaten raw edges of the glove opening.
Practical work should be carried out in class.
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