Non-communicable diseases are diseases that cannot be transmitted from person to person. They are noninfectious health conditions that cannot be spread from one person to another. They last for a long period of time. Non-communicable diseases are also known as chronic diseases.
Causes of Non-communicable Diseases
They have many causes but are never caused by germs, bacteria or other living organisms that attack the body. They are rather caused by:
- Atomic fallouts
- Chemical fallouts
- Physiological failure of the tissues
- Brain damage
- Congenital problems
- Dietary imbalance
- Endocrine/hormonal accident
Atomic fallout: Deposition on the surface of the earth of radioactive particles, released into the atmosphere as a result of nuclear explosions and by discharge from nuclear-power and atomic installations.
Chemical fallouts: Chemical agents such as nerve gas, or biological weapons such as the contagious disease anthrax.
Physiological failures of the tissues: Inability of the body tissues to work properly
Brain damage: Injury to the brain tissue that can impair its ability to function
Congenital problems: This is also called congenital disorders, any abnormalities of structure or function that are present at birth.
Common Non-communicable Diseases, Causes and Prevention
e.g. heart attack, stroke
|Obesity, blood glucose|
regular medical checkups,
e.g. lung, liver, prostrate,
breast, cervical and skin
|Exposure to ultraviolet rays|
Genetic mutation, etc.
Note: There is no single
cause of cancer
Limiting alcohol consumption
|Chronic respiratory disease|
e.g. asthma, cystic fibrosis,
e.g. poor ventilation,
Good air quality
e.g. Type 1 and
Type 2 diabetes
|high blood sugar, poor diet,|
lack of exercise, obesity,
immune system dysfunction
|Balanced diet, regular exercise,|
Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases
- Personal hygiene
- Eat balance diet
- Regular cheek up in good hospital
- Regular exercise
- Use insecticide mosquito net
- Drink water free from germs
- Define non-communicable diseases.
Mention three (3) causes chronic diseases.